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S K10101 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL I

 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will discuss all basic techniques used in laboratory relating to basic concepts of Physical Chemistry. Topics that will be covered are the physical and chemical changes, kinetic, chemical equilibrium, thermodynamics, kinetics and electrochemistry.
 
References
 
Withen, K.W., Davies, R.A. & Peck, M.R. 1996 . General Chemistry With Quantitative Analysis. 5th edition. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Hein, M., Best, L. & Miner, R, L.1996. Foundations of Chemistry in the Laboratory 
Brooks/Cole, London.
Shoemaker, D. P., Garland, C. W., Nibler, J. P.1996. Experiments in Physical Chemistry. 6th edition. McGraw Hill, New York.
 
 
SK10201 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
 
This course will expose students to basic laboratory techniques and basic concept in analytical chemistry. Topics such as how to use laboratory basic apparatus (burette, pipette, volumetric flask, analytical balance), measurement techniques, gravimetric analysis, titration technique, acid-base titration, redox titration, precipitation titration and colorimetric technique will be covered.
 
References
 
Christian, G.D. 2004. Analytical Chemistry. 6 th edition.John Wiley and Sons, NJ
Harris, D.C. 2006. Quantitative Chemical Analyses. 7 th Edition. W.H. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
Harvey, D. 2000. Modern Analytical Chemistry. McGraw Hill, Boston.
Miller, J. & Miller, J. 2005. Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry..5 th Edition. Prentice Hall.
Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., Holler, F.J. & Crouch, S.R. 2004.  Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 8 th edition Brooke/Cole, Thompson Learning Inc.
 
 
SK10301 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will discuss all basic techniques used in laboratory relating to basic concepts of organic chemistry. Topics that will be covered are separation of organic compounds, extraction, reflux and distillation, recrystallization, determination of melting point and qualitative analysis of organic compounds.
 
References
 
Withen, K.W., Davies, R.A. & Peck, M.R. 1996 . General Chemistry With Quantitative Analysis. 5th edition. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Bettelheim, F. & Landesberg, J. 1995 . Laboratory Experiment for Organic and Biochemistry. 2nd edition. Saunders College, New York .
Nimitz, J. S. 1991. Experiments in Organic Chemistry, from Microscale to Macroscale. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Hein, M., Best,L. & Miner, R, L.1996. Foundations of Chemistry in the Laboratory, Brooks/Cole, London.
 
 
 
 
 
SK10401 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will cover techniques used in laboratory and basic concepts in Inorganic Chemistry. The topics covered will be bonding, preparation and characterization of inorganic compounds.
 
References
 
Silberberg, M. S., 2000. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature and Change. 2 nd ed. McGraw-Hill Company, USA
Cotton, F.A. Wilkinson, G and Gaus, P.S. 1995. Basic Inorganic Chemistry. 3 rd ed. Wiley-Interscience. New York.
 Lee, J.D. 1991. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. 4 th ed. Chapman and Hall, London.
Owen, S. and Brooker, A. 1991. A Guide to Modern Inorganic Chemistry, Longman, London.
Mieser, G.L. 1988. Inorganic Chemistry. 2 nd ed. Prentice Hall, New York.
 
 
SK10503 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will discuss the basic principles and concepts in Physical Chemistry. This will covers characteristics of solid, liquid and gas phase and chemical stability, solubility and characteristics of a solution, colloid and surface chemistry, quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, thermodynamics, kinetics, catalyst and electrochemistry.
 
References
 
Silberberg, M. S., 2000. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature and Change. 2 nd ed. McGraw-Hill Company, USA
Levine, I. N., 2003. Physical Chemistry. 5 th ed. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., Singapore.
Atkins, P. and de Paula, J., 2002. Physical Chemistry. 5 th ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Raff, L. M., 2001. Principles of Phsycal Chemistry. Prentice Hall, Inc. New Jersey
Brown, T. L., Lemay, H. E., Bursten, B. E. and Burdge, J. R., 2003. Chemistry: The Central Science. 9 th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
 
 
SK10603 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
Analytical Chemistry is based on measurement science and as an identification of chemical compounds which is an important aspect in chemical industry. It is the basic of all other topics such as in forensic, clinical, environmental chemistry etc. This course will discuss the basic concepts, techniques and methodology in analytical chemistry which include usage of data and statistics, sampling, preparation of standard solution, titrimetry, volumetric and gravimetric analysis plus electrochemical techniques. The usage of these topics in industry will be covered.
 
References
 
Christian, G.D. 2004. Analytical Chemistry. 6 th edition.John Wiley and Sons, NJ.
Harris, D.C. 2006. Quantitative Chemical Analyses. 7 th Edition. W.H. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
Harvey, D. 2000. Modern Analytical Chemistry. McGraw Hill, Boston.
Miller, J. & Miller, J. 2005. Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry. 5 th Edition. Prentice Hall.
Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., Holler, F.J. & Crouch, S.R. 2004.  Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 8 th edition Brooke/Cole, Thompson Learning Inc.
 
 
SK10703 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will discuss the concepts, principles and basic reactions in Organic Chemistry. It will cover naming, classification, bonding, structure and stereochemistry, chemical and physical characteristics plus the importance of organic compounds from the different classes (including bimolecular and natural products). Topics that will be look more into such as types of reaction (substitution and addition) and plus factors influencing the reactions.
 
References
 
Bruice, P. Y. 2004, Organic Chemistry; 4th ed.; Pearson Education, Inc.: USA
Carey, F. A.; Atkins, R. C. 2004, Organic Chemistry; 6th ed.; Mc-Graw Hill Companies: USA
Clayden, J.; Greeves, N.; Warren, S.; Wothers, P. 2001 Organic Chemistry; Oxford University Press, Inc.: New York
Morrison, R. T.; Boyd, R. N. 1992 Organic Chemistry; 6th ed.; Prentice-Hall, Inc.: USA
Solomon, T. W. G.; Fryhle, C. B. 2004 Organic Chemistry; 8th ed.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: USA.
SK10803 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course will discuss the basic concepts and principles of Inorganic Chemistry. This will covers the atomic structure, periodical table and its evolution, atomic and molecule electronic configuration, theory of chemical bonding, Lewis structure and VSEPR model, the chemistry of block s and p elements, acid-base reaction, oxidation and reduction, spectroscopy, nucleus chemistry and radioactivity.
 
References
 
Silberberg, M. S., 2000. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature and Change. 2 nd ed. McGraw-Hill Company, USA
Cotton, F.A. Wilkinson, G and Gaus, P.S. 1995. Basic Inorganic Chemistry. 3 rd ed. Wiley- Interscience. New York.
 Lee, J.D. 1991. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. 4 th ed. Chapman and Hall, London.
Owen, S. and Brooker, A. 1991. A Guide to Modern Inorganic Chemistry, Longman, London.
Mieser, G.L. 1988. Inorganic Chemistry. 2 nd ed. Prentice Hall, New York.
 
 
SK11002 LABORATORY SAFETY AND ACCREDITATION
 
Prerequisite: STPM/Matriculation Chemistry or equivalent
 
This course is to promote safety awareness and encourage safe work practices in the laboratory. It also introduces laboratory accreditation which is a formal recognition by a third-party (national) authority of a laboratory's capability to perform testing, measurement and/or calibration activities based on various international standards.
 
References
 
Halimaton Hamdan and Zaiton Abdul Majid. 1994. Keselamatan Makmal. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Furr, A. K. 2000. CRC Handbook of Laboratory Safety. CRC Press.
Coyne, G. S. 1998. The Laboratory Companion: A Practical Guide to Materials, Equipment and Technique. Wiley Inter-science Publication.
Picot, A. and Grenouillet, P. 1995. Safety in the Chemistry and Biochemistry Laboratory. VCH Publishers Inc.
 
 
SK20101 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL II
 
Prerequisite: SK10101 Physical Chemistry Practical I & SK10503 Physical Chemistry I
 
This course is an extension of Practical Physical Chemistry I. It aims at giving exposure to students on laboratory techniques in more detail in order to understand the concepts in physical chemistry. Topics that will be covered are thermodynamics, kinetics of catalytic or non-catalytic reaction, metal coating, osmosis, isothermal adsorption and electrochemistry.
 
References
 
Withen, K.W., Davies, R.A. & Peck, M.R. 1996 . General Chemistry with Quantitative Analysis. 5th edition. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Klotz, I.M. & Rosenberg, R.M. 1994. Chemical Thermodynamics: Basic Theory and Methods. 5th edition. Wiley, New York
Goupy, J. L. 1993. Methods for Experimental Design: Principles and Applications for Physicists and Chemists. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
 
 
SK20201 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL II
 
Prerequisite: SK10201 Analytical Chemistry Practical I & SK10603 Analytical Chemistry I
 
This course is an extension of Practical Analytical Chemistry I. Laboratory experiments covered are spectroscopic techniques (UV-VIS, AAS, FTIR), chromatographic techniques (HPLC, GC), and thermal analysis (TGA & DSC).
 
References
 
Skoog, D.A., Holler, F.J., Nieman, T.A. 1996. Principles of Instrumental Analysis. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Christian, G.D. 2004. Analytical Chemistry. 6 th edition.John Wiley and Sons, NJ
Harris, D.C. 2006. Quantitative Chemical Analyses. 7 th Edition. W.H. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
Harvey, D. 2000. Modern Analytical Chemistry. McGraw Hill, Boston.
Miller, J. & Miller, J. 2005. Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry..5 th Edition. Prentice Hall.
Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., Holler, F.J. & Crouch, S.R. 2004.  Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 8 th edition Brooke/Cole, Thompson Learning Inc.
 
 
SK20301 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL II
 
Prerequisite: SK10301 Organic Chemistry Practical I & SK10703 Organic Chemistry I
 
This course will expose students to laboratory techniques in more detail in order to understand the concepts in organic chemistry. Topics that will be covered are chromatography, spectroscopy techniques such as UV, IR, MS and NMR, chemical reactions involving oxidation and reduction, addition and electrophilic substitution, Grignard reagent and Aldol reactions.
 
References
 
Withen, K.W., Davies, R.A. & Peck, M.R. 1996 . General Chemistry With Quantitative Analysis. 5th edition. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Bettelheim, F. & Landesberg, J. 1995 . Laboratory Experiment for Organic and Biochemistry. 2nd Edition. Saunders College, New York .
Nimitz, J. S. 1991. Experiments in Organic Chemistry, from Microscale to Macroscale. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Goupy, J. L. 1993. Methods for Experimental Design: Principles and Applications for Physicists and Chemists . Elsevier, Amsterdam.
 
 
SK20401 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY PRACTICAL II
 
Prerequisite: SK10401 Inorganic Chemistry Practical I & SK10803 Inorganic Chemistry I
 
This course is an extension of Practical Inorganic I and the laboratory experiments are related to the topics covered in Inorganic Chemistry II lectures.
 
References
 
Shriver, D. and Atkin, P.W. 1999. Inorganic Chemistry. 3rd edition. W.H. Freeman. New York.
Cotton, F.A. Wilkinsion, G dan Gaus, P.S. 1995. Basic Inorganic Chemistry. 3rd edition. Wiley-Interscience. New York.
Lee, J.D. 1991. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. 4th edition. Chapman and Hall, London.
Owen, S. and Brooker, A. 1991. A Guide to Modern Inorganic Chemistry. Longman, London.
Mieser, G.L. 1988. Inorganic Chemistry. 2nd edition. Prentice Hall, New York.
 
 
SK20503 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II
 
Prerequisite: Physical Chemistry I, SK10503
 
This course is the progressions of Physical Chemistry I. Topics that will be covered are chemical thermodynamics, quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Examples from industries will be discussed.
 
References
 
Ball, D. W., 2003. Physical Chemistry. Thomson Learning, Inc., USA.
Levine, I. N., 2003. Physical Chemistry. 5 th ed. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., Singapore.
Atkins, P. and de Paula, J., 2002. Physical Chemistry. 5 th ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Steinfield, J.I., Francisco, J.S., & Hase, W.L., 1999, Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics, 2 nd Edition, Prentice-Hall, New York.
Klotz, I. & Rosenberg, R.M. 1994. Chemical Thermodynamics: Basic Theory and Methods. 5th edition. Wiley, New York.
 
 
SK20603 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II
 
Prerequisite: Analytical Chemistry I, SK10603
 
This course is the progression of Analytical Chemistry I. It will cover the thermal and optical techniques, surface analysis, radiochemistry, separation-extraction by solvents, chromatography and electrophoresis. Analytical techniques using instrumentation under spectroscopy techniques; molecular absorption by UV-VIS; fluorescence, infra-red (IR), RAMAN spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), atomic absorption–emission spectroscopy (AAS/AES), inductively coupled plasma (ICP), X-ray diffraction (XRD).    
 
 
References
 
Skoog, D.A., Holler, F.J., Nieman, T.A. 1996. Principles of Instrumental Analysis. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Christian, G.D. 2004. Analytical Chemistry. 6 th edition.John Wiley and Sons, NJ
Harris, D.C. 2006. Quantitative Chemical Analyses. 7 th Edition. W.H. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
Harvey, D. 2000. Modern Analytical Chemistry. McGraw Hill, Boston.
Miller, J. & Miller, J. 2005. Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry..5 th Edition. Prentice Hall.
Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., Holler, F.J. & Crouch, S.R. 2004.  Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. 8 th edition Brooke/Cole, Thompson Learning Inc.
 
 
SK20703 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
 
Prerequisite: Organic Chemistry I, SK10703
 
This course will discuss in more detail of the reaction mechanisms and the usage of modern techniques in the synthesis of organic compounds. This will cover the strategy and method of synthesis, the interchangeable of functional groups, the formation of carbon to carbon bonds and carbon to heteroatom, the opening and closing of rings, oxidation and reduction and hindrance from functional groups. Special topics such as the synthesis of chemicals C1-C6 in industry will also be discussed.
 
References
 
Mackie, R. K.; Smith, D.; Aitken, R. A. 2000, Guidebook to Organic Synthesis; 3rd ed.; Prentice Hall: USA
Bruice, P. Y. 2004, Organic Chemistry; 4th ed.; Pearson Education, Inc.: USA.
Clayden, J.; Greeves, N.; Warren, S.; Wothers, P. 2001 Organic Chemistry; Oxford University Press, Inc.: New York.
Sundberg, R. J.; Carey, F. A. 2001, Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part B; 4th ed.; Plenum: USA
Weissermel, K.; Arpe, H.-J. 2003, Industrial Organic Chemistry; 4th ed.; WIley-VCH: Germany.
 
SK20803 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
 
Prerequisite: Inorganic Chemistry I, SK10803
 
This course is the progression of Inorganic Chemistry I. Topics that will be covered are quantum theory, structure of atom and molecule; chemistry of noble gases, chemistry of d-block elements (transition metals) and coordination complexes; molecular orbital theory, crystal-field theory, solid crystal structure, hydrogen bonds and magnetic properties of complexes. 
 
References
 
Shriver, D. and Atkin, P.W. 1999. Inorganic Chemistry. 3rd edition. W.H. Freeman. New York.
Cotton, F.A. Wilkinsion, G dan Gaus, P.S. 1995. Basic Inorganic Chemistry. 3rd edition. Wiley-Interscience. New York.
Lee, J.D. 1991. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. 4th edition. Chapman and Hall, London.
Owen, S. and Brooker, A. 1991. A Guide to Modern Inorganic Chemistry. Longman, London.
Mieser, G.L. 1988. Inorganic Chemistry. 2nd edition. Prentice Hall, New York.
 
 
SK20903 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY FOR INDUSTRY
 
This course will discuss the impact on environment caused by pollutants which is emitted from industrial activities. Discussion will be based on the chemistry of the atmosphere plus air, water and soil pollution. The chemistry aspects and behavior of these organic and inorganic pollutants will also be discussed.
 
References
 
Baird, C. & Cann, M. 2004. Environmental Chemistry. 3 rd Edition. W.H. Freemann, USA.
Benjamin, M. M. 2002. Water Chemistry. McGraw Hill, Boston
Ibanez, J.G., Hernandez-Esparza, M., Doria-Serrano, C., Fregoso-Infante, A. & Singh, M.M. 2007. Environmental Chemitry: Fundamentals. Springer, New York.
Manahan, S.E. 2004. Environmental Chemistry. 8 th Edition. CRC Press, Florida.
Sparks. D.L. 2002. Environmental Soil Chemistry. 2 nd Edition. Academic Press, NY.
               
 
SK21003 ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY
 
Prerequisite : Organic Chemistry I, SK10703
 
This course involves various types of spectroscopy techniques in the determination for structure of organic substances. The techniques include UV, IR, MS, NMR H 1 and C 13 plus advanced NMR. The ability in defining results from these techniques will be stressed.
 
References
 
Pavia, D. L.; Lampman, G. M.; Kriz, G. S., 2001, Introduction to Spectroscopy; 3th ed.; Thomson Learning: USA
Crews, P.; Rodriguez, J.; Jaspars, M. 1998, Organic Structure Analysis; Oxford University Press: New York
Bruice, P. Y. 2004, Organic Chemistry; 4th ed.; Pearson Education, Inc.: USA
Hoffmann, E. d.; Stroobant, V. 2002, Mass Spectrometry; 2nd ed.; John Wiley & Sons Ltd.: West Sussex, UK
Silverstein, R. M.; Webster, F. X.; Kiemle, D. J. 2005, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds; 7th ed.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, USA
 
 
SK21102 MATERIALS AND NANOMATERIALS CHEMISTRY
 
This course will introduce the broad area of inorganic/organic polymer materials preparation and applications including nanomaterials. The emphasis is to prepare them for scientific and technological exploration through discussing some typical nanomaterials such as C 60 and carbon nanotubes, nanostructured fuel cell membranes, silicon nanoclusters, surfactant/ polymer templated nanoporous metals, inorganic nanoclusters and nanowires, bioinspired synthesis of inorganic nanobiomaterials etc.
 
 
Reference
 
Reich, S., Thomsen, C., Maultz, J. 2004, Carbon Nanotubes: Basic Concepts and Physical Properties, Wiley-VCH, New York.
Dresselhaus, M. S., Avouris, P., 2001, Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Applications, Springer, USA.
Edelstein, A. S., Cammarata, R. C. 1998, Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications, CRC Press, USA.
Nalwa, H.S., 2000, Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology, Academic Press, San Diego.
 
 
SK21203 PRINCIPLES AND TECHNOLOGY OF CHEMICAL PROCESSES
 
This course will discuss about applications of chemistry in industries, such as thermodynamics, materials and energy balance, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, particle technology, mass transfer, distillation, adsorption and extraction, evaporation and drying.  Ideal reactors, separation processes, humidification and dehumification will also be discussed.  
 
Reference
 
Peters, M. 1984. Elementary Chemical Engineering. McGraw-Hill, Tokyo.
McCabe, W.L. and Smith, J.C. 1995. Operasi Unit Kejuruteraan Kimia. DBP dan Penerbitan USM.    (Terjemahan)
Holland C.D. and Anthony R.G., 1985. Fundamentals of Chemical Reaction Engineering. Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey.
Sinnott, R.K. 1994. Kejuruteraan Kimia - Pengenalan Reka bentuk Kejuruteraan Kimia, Jilid 6, DBP, (Terjemahan).
Gadamasetti, K., Braish, T. & Gadamasetti, K. 2008, Process Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Challenges in an Ever Changing Climate, CRC Press, USA.
 
 
SK21403 SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY AND INSTRUMENTATION
 
Prerequisite: Analytical Chemistry II, SK20603
 
This course provides the basic information on methods of separation and instrumentation used in chemical analysis. Topics such as distillation, extraction, chromatographic and electrophoretic separation will be discussed. Principles of separation instruments like HPLC, GC and CE will also be covered.
 
Reference
 
Rouessac, F. and Rouessace, A. 2002. Chemical Analysis Modern Instrumental Methods and Technqiues. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Sanagi, Mohd. Marsin. 2001. Teknik Pemisahan Dalam Analisis Kimia. Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor.
Skoog, D. A.; West, D. M. and Holler, F. J. 1996. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry. Thomson Learning Inc.
Beesley, T. E.; Buglio, B. and Scott, R. P. W. 2001. Quantitative Chromatographic Analysis. Marcel Decker Inc.
Braithwate, A. and Smith, F. J. 1996. Chromatographic Methods. Blackie Academic and Professional.
US National Research Council (Panel on Separation), 1998, Separation Technologies for the Industries of the Future, National Academic Press, USA.
Willard, H. H.; Merritt, L. L.; Dean, J.. A.; Settle, F. A. 1993. Penterjemah : Pauzi Abdullah, Shamsinar Wales Nasaruddin, Wan Amizah Wan Mahmud. Kaedah Analisis Beralatan, Jilid 1.Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka
 
 


 

 
SK30103 PROJECT I / SK30206 PROJECT II
 
Research based project on a particular topic which is carried out in two academic semester oversee by a lecturer who acts as supervisor of the project. This course covers presenting research proposals and results of the project in seminar, thesis writing which includes literature reviews, methodology used in research, the results and most importantly, discussions.
 
 
SK30303 APPLIED PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
 
Prerequisite: Physical Chemistry II, SK20503
 
Detailed discussion will be carried out on the theory and applications of physical chemistry in industries. This will include thermodynamic, thermochemistry, kinetic chemistry, processes involving catalyst, electrochemistry, colloidal chemistry, surface phenomenon, adsorption, surfactant.
 
References
 
Atkins, P. 2005. Physical Chemistry. 7 th Edition. W.H. Freeman & Co. Ltd, UK.
Inglezakis, V. & Poulopoulos, S. 2006. Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis. Elsevier. USA.
Bagotsky, V.S. 2005. Fundamentals of Electrochemistry. 2 nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Inglezakis, V. & Poulopoulos, S. 2006. Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis. Elsevier , USA.
Hiemenz, P.C. & Hiemenz, H. 1997. Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry. 3 rd Edition. Marcel Dekker Inc.
Myers, D. 2005. Surfactant Science and Technology. 3 rd Edition. Jophn Wiley & Sons, New York.
 
 
SK30403 INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
 
Prerequisite: Have completed all undergraduate courses
 
Students will be placed either in industry or research facilities for at least 10 weeks, under supervision of a lecturer. Training will be assessed and student will be asked to hand in a written report after finishing the industrial training.
 
 
SK30503 INDUSTRIAL INORGANIC PROCESSES
 
Prerequisite: Inorganic Chemistry II, SK20803
 
This course will discuss the chemical aspects and designs of various processes for inorganic products based on the industry.
 
Reference
 
Ulmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 1990. VCH, Weinheim, FRG.
Kent, J. A., 1992.  Riegel’s Handbook of Industrial Chemistry. 9th Edition. Chapman & Hall, London.
Heaton, A. 1995 (ed). An Introduction to Industrial Chemistry. Blackie Academic & professional, London.
Yanagida, H. 1996. The Chemistry of Ceramics. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore
Thompson, R. (ed). 1995. Industrial Inorganic Chemicals: Production and Uses. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge.
 
 
SK30603 POLYMER CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY
 
This course will discuss the basic principles of polymer chemistry plus processes involve in production of various polymers in industry. This will be based on the type of polymer, polymerization, determination of molecular weight and also thermal analysis (Tg and Tm). The chemical production of plastics and composites, usage of natural rubber and synthetic polymers and also new technology is producing various new polymer compounds/products. Practical work will also be carried out on essential topics.
 
Reference
 
Fried, J.R. 1995. Polymer Science and Technology. Prentice Hall, New York.
Challa, G. 1993. Polymer Chemistry: An Introduction. Ellis Horwood, New York.
Nicholson, J.W. 1991. The Chemistry of Polymers. Royal Society of Chemistry, London.
Baur, H. 1999. Thermophysics of Polymers I: Theory. Springer, New York.
Mullen, K. & , Wegner, G.(eds.). 1998. Electronic Materials : The Oligomer Approach. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.
 
 
SK30703  INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC PROCESSES
 
Prerequisite: Organic Chemistry II, SK20703
 
This course will cover important chemical aspects of organic industry, especially in the manufacturing of organic products. This will include industrial processes from petroleum and natural gas, coal, organic chemical abundance of C1-C6, palm oil, fermentation, sugar and starch, agrochemical, wood and paper, soap and detergent, pigments, cosmetics and explosives.
 
References
 
Kent, J.A. 2003. Riegel’s Handbook of Industrial Chemistry. 10th edition. Springer, USA.
Weissermel, K.; Arpe, H.-J. 2003, Industrial Organic Chemistry; 4 th ed.; WIley-VCH: Germany
Ulmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 1990. VCH Weinheim, FRG.
Heaton, A. 1995. An Introduction to Industrial Chemistry. 2nd edition. Blackie Academic & Professional, London.
Matar, S. & Hatch, L.F. 1991. Chemistry Of Petrochemical Processes. Gulf Pub Co, New York.
Speight, J.G. 1991. The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum. Marcell Dekker Inc., New York.
 
 
SK30803 ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY FOR INDUSTRY
 
This course will discuss the latest technology used on controlling environmental pollution caused by industrial activities. The control will base on air, water, soil and noise pollution.
 
Reference
 
Hill, M.,K. 2004. Understanding Environmental Pollution. 2 nd edition. Cambridge University Press.
Metcalf & Eddy, Inc. 2003. Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal and Reuse.4 th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Raven, P.H. Berg, L.R. & Alift, J.V. 2003 . Environment. 4 th edition. Wiley, New York.
Noel De Nevers, 2000. Air Pollution Control Engineering. 2 nd Edition. McGraw-Hill, Singapore
Eager, E.D. & Smith, B.F. 1995. Environmental Science. 5 th edition. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, Florida.
Peirce, J.J. 1997. Environmental Pollution and Control. 4 th edition. Butterworth-Heinemann Publications, Woburn, MA, USA.
 
 
SK30903 NANOTECHNOLOGY
 
This course focuses on the definition, history, scope, impacts, and challenges within the rapidly emerging and revolutionary field of nanotechnology. Discussion will cover various nanotechnology production techniques including CVD, PVD, lithography, crystal growing, templating/ self-assembly, spray drying, precipitation from plasma etc.
 
References
 
Poole, C. P. & Owens, F.J. 2003. Introduction to Nanotechnology. Wiley, New York.
Di Ventra, M., Evoy, S., Heflin Jr., J. R. 2004, Introduction to Nanoscale Science and Technology, Springer, New York.
Rieth, M. 2003. Nano-engineering in Science and Technology: An Introduction to the World. Worl Scientific, USA.
Wolf, E.L., 2004, Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Microscales, Wiley-VCH, USA.
Schwarz, J. A., Contesu, C. I. Puyera, K. 2004, Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Dekker, New York.   
 
 
SK31003 PRINCIPLES AND TECHNOLOGY OF BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES
 
This course will cover principles and technology underlying biological processes such fermentation, enzyme technology, and biological waste treatments..
 
Reference
 
von Stockar, U.,  van der Wielen, L. A., M. 2003. Process Integration in Biochemical Engineering, Springer, San Diego.
Wilson, K., &  Walker, J. M. 2000, Principles and Techniques of Practical Biochemistry,  Cambridge University Press, UK.
Murray, M-Y., Cooney, C. L., & Humphrey, W. E., 1985, Comprehensive Biotechnology: The Principles, Applications and Regulations, Elsevier Science & Technology, USA.
 
 
*SK31103 NATURAL PRODUCTS CHEMISTRY AND DRUGS DISCOVERY
 
Prerequisite: Organic Chemistry II, SK20703
 
This course will discusses the extraction from natural resources, the characteristics and the related spectroscopy plus also biogenesis and biosynthesis. The importance of drugs remediation from natural resources which are related closely to the pharmaceutical industry will be emphasized. This involves fat, oleochemistry, carbohydrates, chitin, amino acids, proteins, terpenoid and steroid, aromatic compounds, flavonoid and alkaloid. Discovery of drugs from various resources will also be covered.
 
Reference
 
Thomson, R. H. 1993. The Chemistry of Natural Products. 2nd Edition. Blackie Academic & Professional, London.
Morrison, R.T. & Boyd R. N. 1994 . Organic Chemistry. 6th Edition. Allyn & Bacon, Boston.
Gringauz, A. &Schwartz, M. 1997. Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry: How drugs act and why. Wiley-VCH Publication. New York.
Kinghorn A. D. & Balandrin M. F. 1993. Human Medicinal Agents from Plants. American Chemical Society, Washington.
Craig, C. R. & Robert, E. S. 1994. Modern Pharmacology. 4th Edition. Little, Brown & Company, New York.
 
 
*SK31203 BIOFUEL TECHNOLOGY
 
This course will discuss principles and technologies in biofuel-based industries. Feasible, cost-efficient processes for the large-scale production of alternative, environmentally friendly sources of energy will be covered. Topics on “Alcohol Fuels” will be discussed. Discussion on the latest methods for producing fuels containing varying percentages of alcohol alongside the various applications they benefit, including combustion engines, fuel cells, and miniature power generators.
 
Reference
 
Mousdale, D. M., 2008, Biofuels: Biotechnology, Chemistry, and Sustainable Development , CRC Press, USA
Bhojvaid, P. P. 2006, Biofuels: Towards a Greener and Secure Energy Future, TERI Press, UK
Minteer, S. D. 2006. Alcoholic Fuels, CRC Press, USA.
Lens, P., Westermann, P., Haberbauer, M., Moreno, A. 2005, Biofuels for Fuel Cells: Renewable Energy from Biomass Fermentation, IWA Publishing, Germany.
 
*SK31303 RESIDUE AND PESTICIDE ANALYSIS
 
Prerequisite: Analytical Chemistry II, SK20603
 
This course will discuss the types of pesticide and its toxicity, its mode of action. The passage and transformation of residues in the environment and the consequences to the human being. The method of pesticide’s residue analysis will also be covered. Practical work will also be carried out on essential topics.
 
Reference
 
Stenersen, J. 2004. Chemical Pesticides- Mode of Action and Toxicology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Hamilton, D. & Crossley, S. (ed), 2004. Pesticides Residues in Food and Drinking Water: Human Exposure and Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England.
Michael A. Kamrin, 1997. Pesticides Profiles: Toxicity, Impact and Fate. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Sherma, J., Cairns T. (Editor). 1993. Comprehensive Analytical Profiles of Important Pesticides (Modern Methods for Pesticide Analysis).
Shahamat, U.K. 2000. Bound Pesticide Residues. CRC press. New York.
 
 
*SK31403 FORENSIC CHEMISTRY
 
This course approaches the challenges, methods and analyses of forensic science from a fundamental, chemical perspective. Topics include drug analysis, arson investigation, questioned document analysis, and the analysis of paint and gunshot residue samples.
 
Reference
 
Eckert, W.G. 1992. Introduction to Forensic Sciences, Second Edition, Elsevier, New York.
Genge, N.E. 2002, The Science of Crime Scene Investigation: The Forensic Casebook, Ballentine Books, New York.
Kubic, T., Petraco, N., 2003, Forensic Science: Laboratory Experiment Manual and Workbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton,
Hilton, O., 1993, Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Fisher, B. A. J. 2004, Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation, Seventh Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Saferstein, R., 2001, Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science, Seventh Edition, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.
Meloan, C.E., James, R.E., Saferstein, R., 2001, Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science, Lab Manual, Seventh Edition, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.
 
 
*SK31503 ADVANCED INORGANIC MATERIALS
 
Prerequisite: Inorganic Chemistry II, SK20803
 
This course will be emphasizing on the alloy phase and ceramic phase diagrams plus its importance in the use of building aircrafts and space shuttles, the preparation and usage of semiconductor and superconductor in electronic industry, steel/metal: structure and bonds, and its usage in industry, the ‘Synroc’, material which has been successfully used in containing nuclear waste. Latest aspects with regards to inorganic materials will also be discussed.
 
References
 
Pogge, H. B. (ed)., 1995. Electronic Materials Chemistry. Marcel Dekker, New York.
Hnech, L.L. & West, J.K (eds), 1992. Chemical Processing of Advanced Materials. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Interrante, L.V. Hampden-Smith, M.J. (eds), 1997. Chemistry of Advanced Materials: An Overview. VCH Pub, New York.
Shackelford, J.F., Alexander, W., Park, J.S. 1994. CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Ross, R.B. 1992. Metallic Materials Specification Handbook. 4th edition. Chapman & Hall, London.
 
 
*SK31603 PETROCHEMICAL CATALYSTS AND CATALYSIS
 
This course will discuss catalysts in refining and petrochemical industries. The thermodynamics and kinetics of catalytic processes, catalytic actions in heterogenous catalysis, quality requirements for industrial catalysts, implementation, operation and performance control of industrial catalysts will be the emphasis.
 
Reference
 
Matar, S., Hatch, L. F. 2001, Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes. Second Edition. Gulf Professional Publishing. USA
Forman, J. C., 1996, Petrochemical and Chemical Catalysts, BCC Research, UK
 
*SK31703 ELECROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
 
Prerequisite: Physical Chemistry II, SK20503
 
This course will cover and discuss the various topics of electrochemical technology in industries. The early chapters will be focused on electrochemical fundamental such as electrode-electron transfer, electrode processes and electrochemical dynamic. The second part of this course will address specific topics in electrochemical technology, especially examples of applications in potentiometry and electrolysis, such as chemical sensor, cell and fuel cells, chlorine production, electrowinning, electrosynthesis, inorganic and organic electrolysis, electrocoating, electroforming, corrosion, purification, metal extraction and electrodeposition. Visits will be made to certain industries that related to electrochemical processes and students are required to write a report.
 
Reference
 
Atkins, P.W., 1998, Physical Chemistry. 6th Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Bard, A.J. and Faulkner, L.R., 1979, Electrochemical Techniques: Fundamentals and applications, Wiley-Peterscience, New York.
Brett, C. M.A & Oliveira Brett, A.N. 1993. Electrochemistry: Principles, Methods and Applications. Oxford.
Crow, D.R. 1994. Principles and Application of Electrochemistry. Blackie Academic & Professional, London.
Oldham, K.B. and Mayland, C. 1994. Fundamentals of Electrochemical Science, Academic Press, London.
 
 
*SK31803 PRINCIPLES AND TECHNOLOGY IN FOOD INDUSTRY
 
This course consists of unit operation in food processing/production industries which including energy and mass balance, heat and mass transfer. Technology in food refrigeration will be also discussed.
 
Reference
 
Beckett, S. T. ,1996., Physico-chemical Aspects of Food Processing, Springer, San Diego.
Herschdoerfer, S. M., 1984, Quality Control in the Food Industry, Academic Press, USA.