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The goal of Basic Geology 1 is to introduce students to the learning and understanding of the Earth around them. This is a course about the earth; its composition, structure and dynamics. The understanding of the way the earth works is based in the scientific method and requires that our interpretations be consistent with the fundamental laws of the creation. It includes evidence of rocks that form mountains, rock types that form the layers of earth lithosphere, minerals and rock forming minerals, crystals and their forms. This course also includes the study of earth crustal forms that can be observed at the surface of the earth today (folds, faults, fractures, etc.) and the processes that form them (tectonic, volcanism, earthquakes, sedimentation, etc.). This course also discusses how earth works globally - the building blocks of earth; earth's dynamic interior; igneous activity, plate tectonics, and mountain building. Towards the end of the course, introduction to economic resources of the earth are given.

Laboratory instructions are the identifications of crystal forms, common minerals and rocks; fieldwork is arranged to introduce and differentiate the three main rock types, geological structures and landform in the field.

Brian, M & Berry, L. G. 1999. Element of Mineralogy. Freeman, London.
Carla, W. M. 1997. Fundamental of Geology. Wm. C. Brown Publication, Illinois.
Frank, P. & Raymond, S. 1994. Understanding Earth. Freeman, New York.
Hamblin, W. K. 1991. Introduction to Physical geology. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.
Lutgens, F. K. & Tarburk, E. J. 1995. Essentials of Geology. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Philips, F. C. 1971. An Introduction to Crystallography. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh.

This course is the continuation of the Basic Geology 1 and divided into two parts. The first part is focuses on the origin and history of the earth and the processes that continually act upon the earth both internally (endogenic) and externally (exogenic). Endogenic processes show how earth works internally, in particular as an evolving and dynamic system where changes are driven by energy generated within the earth. This section provides an understanding of the earth and how it “works”. Surficial (exogenic) processes associated with streams, ground water, glaciers, wind, shorelines and even up to deep marine environment, weathering and soil. The earth system: hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and the solid earth; continents and oceans: differentiation of terrain types within continents and oceans are also discuss. As the science that considers the origin and evolution of the earth, it also discusses in the earlier section, the origin of the solar system and the nebular hypothesis. The second part is focuses on crystallography.

Laboratory instructions are arranged in the use of geologic maps and landform identification from topographic maps as well as identification of crystal system. Hands on laboratory exercises and several field trips to polished basic geological knowledge from lecture for the student are also conducted.

Brian, M & Berry, L. G. 1999. Element of Mineralogy. Freeman, London.
Carla, W. M. 1997. Fundamental of Geology. Wm. C. Brown Publication, Illinois.
Frank, P. & Raymond, S. 1994. Understanding Earth. Freeman, New York.
Klein, C. & Hurtburt, C. S. 1994. Manual of Mineralogy. 21st Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Lutgens, F. K. & Tarburk, E. J. 1995. Essentials of Geology. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Philips, F. C. 1971. An Introduction to Crystallography. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh.
Skinner, B. J., Porter, S. C. & Park, J. 2004. Dynamic Earth: An introduction to physical geology. 5th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

The course discusses the fundamentals of paleontology and its importance to the field of geology. This course covers the types of fauna and flora fossils especially fossil indicators those are used in the world of stratigraphy. A major part of the course contents discuss fossil systematic, featuring the importance of fossils and in determination of rock age.

Andrew B. S. 1994. Systematic and Fossil Record. Blackwell Scientific Pub. London.
Benton, J. M., Harper, D. A. T & D. Benton. 1997. Basic Paleontology. Addison-Wesley Pub.
Haq, B. U. & A. Boersma (Eds.). 1998. Introduction to Marine Micropaleontology. Elsevier Science Ltd.
John C. 1990. Paleontology of Vertebrates. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo.
Thompson G. R., J. Turk & H. L. Levin. 1995. Earth: Past and Present. Harcourt Brace College, London.

This course focuses on the shape of earth surface aspects and the geomorphological process that acting on earth surface. The topics include introduction of geomorphologic processes, weathering, erosion, mass wasting, groundwater system, river system, geomorphologic of coastal, coral reef, geomorphologic of desert, glacier areas, structural that control the geomorphology, geomorphologic of sediment area, geomorphologic of karst, volcanic mount areas and applied geomorphologic. Basic interpretation on the topographic and geologic maps is also introduced.

Michael, F. T. 1987. Geomorfologi Tropika. Translated by Ismail Ahmad. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Mohamad Ali Hassan. 1986. Latihan Peta dan Pengenalan Kepada Peta-Peta Geologi. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Ritter, D. F., Kochel, R. & J. R. Miller. 1994. Process Geomorphology. WCB/McGraw-Hill.
Summerfield, M. A. 1999. Geomorphology and Global Tectonics. Wiley-Liss.
Tjia, H.D. 1987. Geomorfologi. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

This course explains the general characteristics (structure and composition) of minerals and the physical characteristics (crystal shape and system, cleavage, hardness, density, color) used in its recognition. The main focus will be on silicate and non-silicate minerals which form the three main rock types, namely, igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks. The optical characteristics of major minerals and different rock textures are also taught.

Deer, W. A., Howie, R. A. & Zussman, J. 1992. An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals. 2nd Edition. Longman Scientific & Technical, Hong Kong.
Klein, C. & Hurtburt, C. S., 1998. Manual of Mineralogy. 21st Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Mackenzie, W. S. & A. E. Adams, 1994. A Color Atlas of Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section. John Wiley & Sons. New York.
Nesse, W. D. 1991. Introduction to Optical Mineralogy. Oxford University Press, London.
Syed Sheikh Almashoor. 1990. Pengenalan Mineralogi Optik. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

The course contains fundamental earth history covering the development of the earth from the Archean to the Quaternary period, including the geological time scale. Several phenomenon of the earth's history including sea floor spreading, continental drift, plate tectonic and evolution of living organism are discussed. Discussion on global stratigraphy, stratigraphic classification, stratigraphic analysis, correlation and local stratigraphy are also covered. This course involves 8 days fieldwork to learn rock sequence and their geological history.

Doyle, P., Bennett, M. R & Baxter, A. N. 1994. The Key to Earth History. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Kay, M. & Colbert, E. H. 1965. Stratigraphy and Life History. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Levin, H. L. 2006. The Earth Through Time. 8th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Sanudin Tahir & Baba Musta. 2007. Pengenalan Kepada Stratigrafi. Penerbit UMS, Kota Kinabalu.
Thompson, G. R., Turk, J & Levin, H. L. 1995. Earth Past & Present. Saunders Golden Sunburst Series.
Wicander, R & Monroe, J. S. 2000. Historical Geology: Evolution of Earth and Life Through Time. Brooks/Cole. Thompson Learining.

This course discusses basic interpretations of aerial photographs, satellite images and radar images in geology. The interpretation includes the recognition of main elements of aerial photographs and satellite images such as relief, tone, texture, pattern and lineament to assist in the determination of lithologies, structural styles and mineral resources in a particular area. Students will also be exposed to the use of image processing software, such as ERDAS to analyze satellite images and GIS to manage spatial data.
Allum, J. A. E. 1989. Fotogeologi dan Pemetaan Kawasan. Terjemahan oleh Johari Mat Akhir, DBP, Kuala Lumpur.
Gupta, R. V. 2003. Remote sensing geology. Second edition. Springer, Heidelberg, Germany.
Marcolongo, B. & F. Mantovani. 1996. Photogeology: Remote Sensing Applications in Earth Sciences. Science Publishers Inc.
Prost, G.L. 2001. Remote sensing for geologists: a guide to image interpretation. CRC Press.
Wanless, H.R. 1986. Aerial Stereo: Photographs. Hubbard Scientific Co.

This course discusses geological mapping technique at various scales, scopes and use. It includes an understanding and knowledge of the main characteristics of a geological map, latest equipment for field mapping, preparation of base map, observation and recording in the field, plotting of field data on the base map, making geological cross-sections, producing the final map and report writing. A one-week guided fieldwork in a selected area will be carried out to practice the basic concept of geological mapping.

Allum, J. A. E. 1989. Fotogeologi dan Pemetaan Kawasan. Translated by Johari Mat Akhir, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Barnes, J. 1995. Basic Geologic Mapping. 3rd Edition. Open University Press, Milton Keynes.
Ibrahim Komoo, Ibrahim Abdullah & Juhari Mat Akhir. 1989. Teknik Pemetaan Geologi. Penerbit UKM, Bangi.
Marcolongo, B. & F. Mantovani. 1996. Photogeology: Remote Sensing Applications in Earth Sciences. Science Publishers Inc.

The course explains the fundamentals of geochemistry and applied geochemistry. This course discusses the geochemistry of solar system, geochemistry meteorite and earth geochemistry. Mobility characteristics, pressure, temperature and variation diagram are also discussed. The lecture also discussed the compositions of felsic magma, basic magma, pegmatite composition, and aplite are also discussed. The geochemical characteristics and distribution of elements in igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks and sedimentary rocks are also discussed. This course also introduced the isotope geology in the area of research methodology and its application. The students are also taught the principles of geochemical exploration using plants, soils, river deposits, water from rivers and basement rocks. Statistical interpretation of data and chemical analysis method on samples are also introduced.


Brownlow. A. H. 1996. Geochemistry. 2nd Edition. Prentice-Hall. Inc.
Krauskopf, K. B. & Bird, D. K. 1995. Introduction to Geochemistry. McGraw-Hill International Edc.
Mason, B. & Moore, C. B. 1989. Prinsip-Prinsip Geokimia. Translated by Wan Fuad. Wan Hassan & Alias Salleh. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Nelson, G. 2004. Principles of Environmental Geochemistry. Thomson Brooks Cole, Victoria.
Wedepohl, K. H. 1971. Geochemistry. Rinehart dan Winston, Inc.


The basic principle of rock deformation and the mechanism for the development of tectonic structures such as folds, lineation, foliation, fractures and faults is discussed. The observation, recording and interpretation of these structures in the field are also discussed. The concept of plate tectonics is also introduced.

Hatcher, R. D. Jr. 1994. Structural Geology: Principles, Concept and Problems. Prentice-Hall, London.
Lisle, R. J. 1996. Geological Structures and Maps: A Practical Guide. Butterworth-Heinemann.
McClay, K. R. 1987. The Mapping of Geologic Structures. Geological Society Handbook, Open University, Milton Keynes.
Park, R. G. 1997. Foundations of Structural Geology. Stanley Thornes Pub.
Twiss, R. J. & E. M. Moores. 1992. Structural Geology. WH Freeman & Co.


Igneous petrology: is to study the major concept of igneous activity, distribution of igneous rocks, volcanism, type of intrusions, magma evolution, the origin of magma (basaltic, andersitic, ryolitic magmas) and the other rock types such as granitic, igneous alkali and kimberlite). Ophiolite complex (Peridotite – Cumulate – Gabbro – Diorite – Plagiogranites _ Sheeted Dyke – Pillow basalt), Bowen’s Reaction Series and type of plate margins (MORB, IAT & WPB – OIB/CFB) will be discussed. Metamorphic petrology: is to study the metamorphic concepts, distribution of metamorphic rocks, type of metamorphic rocks, type of metamorphism, metamorphic zones, metamorphic facies, metasomatism and also to study the relationship between plate tectonics and metamorphism.

Blatt, H. & Tracy, R. J., 1996. Petrology: Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. WH Freeman & Co.
Hall, R. 1987. Igneous Petrology. Longman Scientific & Technical. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
McBirney, A. R., 1992. Igneous Petrology. Jones & Bartlett Pub.
Miyashiro, A. 1994. Metamorphic Petrology. UCL Press. London.
Wilson, M. 1989. Igneous Petrogenesis - A Global Tectonic Approach. Unwin Hyman, London.

This course discusses the stratigraphy, structure and geological history of peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak and Sabah. It also introduces the regional geology of the area, specifically the Southeast Asian region. The relationship between the earth’s economic resources (ores, petroleum and gas) and the tectonics of the region is also covered.


Gobbet, D. J. & Hutchison, C.S. 1973. Geology of the Malay Peninsula: West Malaysia and Singapore. John Wiley-Interscience, New York.
Hall, R. & D. J. Blundell, 1996. Tectonic Evolution of SE Asia. Special Publication of the Geological Society, 106. Geological Society of London Pub.
Hall, R. & J. D. Holloway. 1998. Biogeography and Geological Evolution of SE Asia. Backhuys Publishers.
Hutchison, C. S. 1989. Geological Evolution of Southeast Asia. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Sandal, S. T. 1996 (Ed.). The Geology and Hydrocarbon Resources of Negara Brunei Darussalam. Brunei Shell.


Geological processes such as transportation and deposition of sediments are discussed. The origin of sediments, sedimentary grain characteristics, sedimentary structures and diagenetic process are also discussed. Facies analysis and identification of ancient sedimentary depositional environments is also presented.

Davies, R. A. 1992. Depositional Systems: Introduction to Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. Prentice Hall.
Pye, K. 1994. Sediment Transport and Depositional Process. Blackwell Scientific.
Reading, H. G. 1996. Sedimentary Environments: Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy. Blackwell Science Inc.
Selley, R. C. 1995. Ancient Sedimentary Environments and Their Subsurface Diagnosis. Stanley Thornes Pub.
Tucker, M. E. 1996. Sedimentary Rocks in the Field. John Wiley & Sons. New York.

The course introduces the potentials of natural resources from the earth such as ore mineral and industrial mineral for exploration. Further discussion will cover the genesis of ore deposits and geology of ore deposits in relation to the rock, distribution, structure and depositional environment, using local and foreign examples. The topic on industrial mineral, including coal includes its geology and usage.

Berry, L. G., Mason, B. & Dietrich, R. V. 1995. Mineralogi-Konsep, Pemerihalan dan Penentuan. Translated by Wan Fuad & Kadderi Md. Desa. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Evans, A. M. 1989. Penghantar Geologi Bijih. Translated by Wan Fuad Wan Hassan, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Evans, A. M. 1992. Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals. 3rd Edition. Blackwell Science, London.
Evans, A. M. 1997. An Introduction to Economic Geology and Its Environmental Impact. Blackwell Science Inc.
Hutchison, C. S. 1996. Southeast Asia Oil, Gas, Coal and Mineral Deposits. Oxford Univ. Press.

The course discusses the petroleum and natural gas resource as very important resources on earth. The history of petroleum discovery and structure of petroleum industry as well as the role of geologist and other scientist in the petroleum industry is then introduced. Several topics such as the characteristics of petroleum occurrence, petroleum chemistry, the origin theory of petroleum, organic material in the deposits, sources, diagenesis and petroleum and natural gas generation, migration and accumulation, reservoir and source rock are discussed. Deposition and accumulation processes of petroleum, petrophysical and basin analysis are also discussed. Exploration techniques and case studies of petroleum exploration are discussed towards the end.

Hunt, J. M. 1995. Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology. WH Freeman & Co.
Laudon, R. C. 1996. Principles of Petroleum Development Geology. Prentice Hall.
Lerche, I. 1992. Oil Exploration: Basin Analysis and Economics. Academic Press.
Selly, R. C. 1997. Elements of Petroleum Geology. Academic Press.
Tiab, D. E. & Donaldson, E. C. 1996. Petrophysics: Theory and Practice of Measuring Reservoir Rock and Fluid Properties. Gulf Pub. Co.

The course introduces several important geophysical exploration methods. Among the main methods in subsurface study are seismic, electrical, gravitational, magnetic, electromagnetic, induced polarization and self-potential. The application description of these methods will be discussed in economic resources exploration, geological survey, hydrology, engineering site investigation and archeology. Application techniques of several geophysical boreholes are also discussed. Emphasis is also given in data processing, problem solution and interpretation including discussion on case studies. Students are also introduced to recent development in geophysics techniques.

Abd. Rahim Samsudin. 1990. Geofizik- Konsep dan Penggunaan. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Kearey, P. & Brooks, M. 1991. An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration. 2nd Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Lowrie, W. 1997. Fundamentals of Geophysics. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Robinson, E. S. & Coruh, C. 1988. Basic Exploration Geophysics. John Wiley and Sons, Singapore.
Vogelsang, D., Forstner, K. & Murphy, R.J. 1994. Environmental Geophysics: A Practical Guide. Springer Verlag.

This course discuss the geological aspects in soil engineering such as the material and earth mass classification system, soil definition, soil recognition and classification, compaction, permeability, consolidation and settlement, shear strength, lateral earth pressure, soil slope stability and stabilization method, bearing capacity, clay mineralogy, engineering geology mapping and site investigation. Practical work consists of measurement of the soil physic and mechanic characteristics in laboratory and field work.

Attewell, P. B. & Farmer, I. W. 1976. Principles of Engineering Geology. Chapman & Hall, London.
Beavis, F. C. 1992. Geologi Kejuruteraan. Translated by Ibrahim Komoo and Tajul Anuar Jamaluddin. DBP, Kuala Lumpur.
Bell, F. G. 1980. Engineering Geology and Geotechnics. London-Boston: Newness-Butterworths.
Budhu, M. 1999. Soil Mechanics and Foundations. John Wiley & Sons.
Bujang K. Kuat, Ahmad Jusoh & Shukri Maali. 1991. Pengenalan Mekanik Tanah. DBP, Kuala Lumpur.
Craig, R. F. 1978. Soil Mechanics. London: ELBS Van Nortrand-Reinhold.
Galparin, A. M., Zaytsev, V. S. & Yu. A. Noravtov. 1993. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology. Balkema Publishers.
Grim, R. E. 1968. Clay mineralogy. McGraw-Hil, New York.
Rahn, P. H. 1996. Engineering Geology: An Environmental Approach. Prentice Hall.
Waltham, A. C & T. Waltham. 1994. Foundations of Engineering Geology. Blackie Academic & Professional.
Zaruba, Q & Mench, V. 1976. Engineering Geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

This course describes an introduction to environmental geology through a combination of lecture, practical and fieldwork studies. It addresses on the environmental impacts due to agricultural activities, mining activities and construction process. The aspects that discuss in the lecture are soil pollution and water pollution. This course also provides several examples cases to discuss the geosciences contribution on the environmental conservation and sustainable development.

Arwathanarayana, U. 1995. Geoenvironment Introduction. A. A. Balkema, Netherlands.
Blat, H. 1997. Our Geologic Environment. Prentice Hall. New Jersey.
Bolt, B. A., Horn, W. L., Macdonald, G. A & Scott, R. F. 1977. Geological Hazards. Springer-Verlag.
Montgomery, G. W. 2006. Environmental Geology. 7th Edition. McGraw Hill, New York.
Pepkin, B. W., Trent, D. D. & Hazlett, R. 2005. Geology and the Enivronment. 4th Edition. Thompson Brooks/Cole.
Turk, H. & Thompson, G. R. 1995. Environment Geoscience. Saunders College Publishing, Florida.

This course discusses the soil formation from various types of parent material. This includes the detail discussion of factors that control the soil formation. This course also discussed the soil components such as type of minerals, organic matter, soils organism. Chemical property of soil such as acidity, alkalinity and physical property of soil such as soil structure and soil texture is also discussed. Soil classifications and soil management is discussed. This course involved the laboratory analysis and fieldwork.

Baize, D. 1988. Soil Science Analyses. John Wiley, Chechister.
Brady, N. C. & Weil, R. R. 2004. Elements of the Nature and Properties of Soils. 6th Edition. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Fitzpatrick, E. A. 1996. An introduction to Soil Science. 2nd Edition. Longman, London.
Miller, R. W., Donahue, R. L & Miller, J. U. 1990. Soils: An Introduction to soils and plant growth. 6th Edition. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.
Plaster, E. J. 2003. Soil Science & Management. 4th Edition. Thomson, Australia.
Shamsuddin Jusop. 1987. Asas Sains Tanah. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

Projects I and II requires each student to complete a research project that includes a geological map and report of the study area. Students are free to focus on any field of specialization with the geological mapping. This research project is conducted within the two academic session periods under supervision by one lecturer. Evaluation of the grade marks are based on the presentations of proposal, progress report and final report. The students have to present their research finding and have to defend the result in the viva-voce session.


Student would be placed in an industry or research area for at least 10 week under supervision of a qualified officer and a lecturer. This training would also be evaluated and the student must be submitted a writing report after completing that industrial training.


This course discusses the geological aspects of hydrogeology such as introduction of the fundamental hydrogeology, hydrological cycle, and availability of groundwater. Darcy Law which is describing the movement of groundwater will be discussed. Hydrograph, theoretical of groundwater movement and groundwater hydraulic will be elaborated. This course will introduce the method of groundwater exploration and measurement of aquifers in sedimentary rock, igneous rock and metamorphic rock. The other aspect is groundwater pollution, effect of environment and management of groundwater. The parameters of physical and chemical of groundwater will be discussed.

Bowen, R. 1980. Groundwater. Applied Science Publishers.
David Keith Todd, D. K. 1989. 1989. Hidrologi Air Tanah. Translated by Mohamad Ali Hasan. Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Fetter, C. W. 1988. Applied hydrogeology. Longman Higher Education.
Ingebritsen, S. E., Sanford, W. E. & Neuzil, C. E. 2006. Groundwater in Geological Processes. Cambridge University Press.
Stanley N. Davis & Roger J.M. De Wilest. 1966. Hydrogeology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

SG21003 - Geohazard
This course will explain geohazards such as volcanic activity, landslide, flood, riverbank erosion, coastal erosion, subsidence and earthquake. The process and mechanism for the formation of these geohazards is discussed using local examples as well as from other countries. By using case studies, mitigation measures and management approach for geohazards will also be discussed.

Bell, F. G. 2003. Geological hazards: their assessment, avoidance and mitigation. Taylor & Francis.
Coch, N.K. 1994. Geohazards: Natural and Human. Prentice Hall.
Dikau, R., Brunsden, D., Schrott, L. & Ibsen, M. 1996. Landslide Recognition—Identification, Movement and Causes. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Schanze, J., Evzen, Z & M. Jiri. 2006. Flood risk management: hazards, vulnerability and mitigation measures (NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences). Springer.
Sidle, R. C. & H. Ochiai, 2006. Landslides: processes, prediction and land use (Water Resources Monograph). American Geophysical Union.

This course explains the primary functions of the drilling in petroleum industry. Data gathering is used to provide the necessary for preparing the model and identification of the reservoir. This course also covers all aspects of well logging and formation evaluation with the latest techniques. The parameters includes reservoir petrophysics, general purpose of well logs, fluid and formation resistivity’s, porosity measurements from cores, well site log interpretation, lithology, water saturation, oil saturation and types of rocks.

James, J.S. 1996. Cased hole and production log evaluation. PenWell, Colorado.
Schlumberger. 1989. Cased hole log interpretation principles/applications.
Schlumberger. 1991. Log interpretation Principales/applications.
Schlumberger. 2005. Log interpretation charts.
Schlumberger. 2006. Fundamentals of formation testing.

This course will introduce the concept of geotourism and will be explain the main geological features from local and abroad which is can be used for the geological heritage. The detail steps of mapping, characterization, and evaluation of geological features for the proposing of geological heritage site will be explained. Approaches of conservation and development of geological heritage site for the purposes of geotourism will be discussed using the local cases and abroad caseses.

Dowling, R. K. & D. Newsome, 2006. Geotourism. Elsevier.
Harris, A. G. 2003. Geology of national parks. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.
Keller, A. Edward. 1999. Environmental Geology. 8th Ed. Macmillan Pub. Co.
Montgomery, C.W. 1997. Environmental Geology. WCB/McGraw-Hill.
Murck, B. W., Skineer, B. J. & P. C. Poster. 1996. Environmental Geology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.


This course will discuss the using of seismic reflection survey, electrical seismicity survey, gravity surveying, magnetic surveying, for the exploration of petroleum and gas. The methods mention above also involved with the application for exploration of economics ore and the measurement of work for the foundation. Detail explanation will be given especially the data processing in lab, computer modeling and a few examples for the cases study that have been conducted.

Burger, R. H., Sheehan, A. & Jones, C. (2006). Introduction to Applied Geophysics. W. W. Norton,
Kearey, P., Brooks, M. & Hill, I. (2002). An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration. Blackwell Science, Inc.
Lillie, R. J. 1999. Whole Earth Geophysics: An Introductory Textbook for Geologists and Geophysicists. Prentice-Hall.
Reynolds, J. M. 1997. An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester.
Sharma, P. V. 1997. Environmental and Engineering Geophysics. Cambridge University Press.
Telford, W. M., Geldart, L. P. & Sheriff, R. E. 1990. Applied Geophysics. University of Cambridge Press.


This course discuss the geological aspects in rock engineering such as mineral and rock, rock weathering, rock classification and index characteristics, useful of rock in construction work, rock engineering basic characteristics, discontinuities rock analysis, rock mass structure, rock strength and deformability, drilling design and rock workability, mining method, mechanic blasting, rock slope stability and stabilization method, and geological input in engineering work. Practical work consists of measurement of the rock physic and mechanic characteristics in laboratory and field work.

Brady, B. H. G & Brown, E.T. 1985. Rock mechanics for underground mining. Chapman & Hall.
Brown, E.T. 1981. Rock Characterization, Testing and Monitoring. ISRM Suggested Methods. London: Pergamon Press.
Duncan C. Wyllie. 1992. Foundations on Rock. E & FN Spon.
Giani, G. P. 1992. Rock slope stability analysis. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
Goodman, R.E. 1989. Introduction to Rock Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Hartley, J. S. 1994. Drilling : tools and programme management. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
Hoek, E. & Bray, J.W., 1981. Rock Slope Engineering. 3rd Edition. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London.
William C. Peters. Exploration and Mining Geology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Wittke, W. 1990. Rock Mechanics: The Theory and Applications with Case Histories. Springer Verlay, Berlin.
Zaruba, Q. & Mench, V. 1976. Engineering Geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.



updated on 2009-08-07 11:21:34 by admin